Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau ( French: [ʒɑ̃ kɔkto] ; 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker. Cocteau is best known for his novel Les Enfants Terribles (1929), and the films Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents Terribles (1948), Beauty and the Beast (1946) and Orpheus (1949). His circle of associates, friends and lovers included Kenneth Anger , Pablo Picasso , Jean Hugo , Jean Marais , Henri Bernstein , Yul Brynner , Marlene Dietrich , Coco Chanel , Erik Satie , Albert Gleizes , Igor Stravinsky , Marie Laurencin , María Félix , Édith Piaf , Panama Al Brown , Colette , Jean Genet , and Raymond Radiguet.
Cocteau was born in Maisons-Laffitte , Yvelines, a town near Paris , to Georges Cocteau and his wife, Eugénie Lecomte; a socially prominent Parisian family. His father was a lawyer and amateur painter who committed suicide when Cocteau was nine. From 1900–1904, Cocteau attended the Lycée Condorcet where he met and began a physical relationship with schoolmate Pierre Dargelos who would later reappear throughout Cocteau's oeuvre.  He left home at fifteen. He published his first volume of poems, Aladdin's Lamp , at nineteen. Cocteau soon became known in Bohemian artistic circles as The Frivolous Prince , the title of a volume he published at twenty-two. Edith Wharton described him as a man "to whom every great line of poetry was a sunrise, every sunset the foundation of the Heavenly City."