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American Civil War facts, information, pictures.

18 Jan 2017 21:24 | Author: User1488250577 | Category: Introduction premarital sex term paper

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England's government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

The overall outcome of the war was threefold: the trial and execution of Charles I (1649); the exile of his son, Charles II (1651); and the replacement of English monarchy with, at first, the Commonwealth of England (1649–53) and then the Protectorate under the personal rules of Oliver Cromwell (1653–58) and his son (1658–59). The monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors' consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that an English monarch cannot govern without Parliament's consent, although the idea of Parliament as the ruling power of England was only legally established as part of the Glorious Revolution in 1688. [2]

Comments
  1. author
    Олег Батин 18 Jan 2017 00:09

    "The reason to the climax" - this does not make sense. It might be better as "The reason for the climax" but I don t like that either. "but only little too late" - I think this might be better as "but only too late". "the only way to overcome these disagreements was for war" - perhaps this should be "the only way to overcome these disagreements was war" or "the only way to overcome these disagreements was for him to wage war".

  2. author
    Борис Афанасьев 17 Jan 2017 21:57

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

    Roy F. Nichols , The Disruption of American Democracy , 1948.
    Kenneth M. Stampp , And War Came , 1950.
    Eric Foner , Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men , 1970.
    William L. Barney , The Road to Secession , 1972.
    Michael F. Holt , The Political Crisis of the 1850s , 1973.
    David M. Potter , The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 , 1976.
    J. Mills Thornton III , Politics and Power in a Slave Society , 1978.
    Daniel W. Crofts , Reluctant Confederates , 1989.
    Bruce Levine , Half Slave and Half Free , 1992.

    Northern leaders, particularly Abraham Lincoln and Seward, were absolutely committed to the preservation of the Union and also understood that the European reaction to the American crisis was critical. Seward, especially, believed that secession lacked majority support in the South and that Southern Unionists would rise and end the secession movement by the spring of 1861. It was essential that the Southern extremists receive no encouragement from abroad, without which expectation, Seward believed, the Confederacy would be short-lived.

    Journal Articles are typically longer works with more more analysis than the news and short commentary in the SWJ Blog. We accept contributed content from serious voices across the small wars community, then publish it here as quickly as we can, per our Editorial Policy, to help fuel timely, thoughtful, and unvarnished discussion of the diverse and complex issues inherent in small wars.

    The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states ) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States , its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period (the second half of the 20th century ) between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed.

    The Cold War and its events have left a significant legacy. It is often referred to in popular culture , especially in media featuring themes of espionage (e.g. the internationally successful James Bond movie franchise) and the threat of nuclear warfare.

  3. author
    silverduck120 18 Jan 2017 02:16

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

  4. author
    もえ(´・ш・) 💕 18 Jan 2017 05:08

    You could always narrow things down and go with the Trent Affair. A little known event that very nearly brought Great Britain into the war on the Confederacy s side very early in the war. Or maybe focus on the naval war. The ACW wasn t the first time ironclads were used in warfare, however it is supposed to mark the first time two ironclads actually squared off. So you could look at how this prompted a change in naval development from ships built all of wood towards the iron and steel navies of today. Then there s the naval mines (torpedoes as they were called at that time) and their resulting development of minesweepers (wooden rafts pushed ahead of monitors to push the mines out of the way) And of course the development of underwater warfare (CSS H.L. Hunley, the Davids, USS Alligator, etc.)

  5. author
    greentiger526 18 Jan 2017 06:23

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

    Roy F. Nichols , The Disruption of American Democracy , 1948.
    Kenneth M. Stampp , And War Came , 1950.
    Eric Foner , Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men , 1970.
    William L. Barney , The Road to Secession , 1972.
    Michael F. Holt , The Political Crisis of the 1850s , 1973.
    David M. Potter , The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 , 1976.
    J. Mills Thornton III , Politics and Power in a Slave Society , 1978.
    Daniel W. Crofts , Reluctant Confederates , 1989.
    Bruce Levine , Half Slave and Half Free , 1992.

    Northern leaders, particularly Abraham Lincoln and Seward, were absolutely committed to the preservation of the Union and also understood that the European reaction to the American crisis was critical. Seward, especially, believed that secession lacked majority support in the South and that Southern Unionists would rise and end the secession movement by the spring of 1861. It was essential that the Southern extremists receive no encouragement from abroad, without which expectation, Seward believed, the Confederacy would be short-lived.

    Journal Articles are typically longer works with more more analysis than the news and short commentary in the SWJ Blog. We accept contributed content from serious voices across the small wars community, then publish it here as quickly as we can, per our Editorial Policy, to help fuel timely, thoughtful, and unvarnished discussion of the diverse and complex issues inherent in small wars.

  6. author
    yellowmeercat307 18 Jan 2017 08:53

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

  7. author
    квасок 18 Jan 2017 09:35

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

    Roy F. Nichols , The Disruption of American Democracy , 1948.
    Kenneth M. Stampp , And War Came , 1950.
    Eric Foner , Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men , 1970.
    William L. Barney , The Road to Secession , 1972.
    Michael F. Holt , The Political Crisis of the 1850s , 1973.
    David M. Potter , The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 , 1976.
    J. Mills Thornton III , Politics and Power in a Slave Society , 1978.
    Daniel W. Crofts , Reluctant Confederates , 1989.
    Bruce Levine , Half Slave and Half Free , 1992.

    Northern leaders, particularly Abraham Lincoln and Seward, were absolutely committed to the preservation of the Union and also understood that the European reaction to the American crisis was critical. Seward, especially, believed that secession lacked majority support in the South and that Southern Unionists would rise and end the secession movement by the spring of 1861. It was essential that the Southern extremists receive no encouragement from abroad, without which expectation, Seward believed, the Confederacy would be short-lived.

  8. author
    heavyrabbit609 18 Jan 2017 01:39

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

    Roy F. Nichols , The Disruption of American Democracy , 1948.
    Kenneth M. Stampp , And War Came , 1950.
    Eric Foner , Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men , 1970.
    William L. Barney , The Road to Secession , 1972.
    Michael F. Holt , The Political Crisis of the 1850s , 1973.
    David M. Potter , The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 , 1976.
    J. Mills Thornton III , Politics and Power in a Slave Society , 1978.
    Daniel W. Crofts , Reluctant Confederates , 1989.
    Bruce Levine , Half Slave and Half Free , 1992.

    Northern leaders, particularly Abraham Lincoln and Seward, were absolutely committed to the preservation of the Union and also understood that the European reaction to the American crisis was critical. Seward, especially, believed that secession lacked majority support in the South and that Southern Unionists would rise and end the secession movement by the spring of 1861. It was essential that the Southern extremists receive no encouragement from abroad, without which expectation, Seward believed, the Confederacy would be short-lived.

    Journal Articles are typically longer works with more more analysis than the news and short commentary in the SWJ Blog. We accept contributed content from serious voices across the small wars community, then publish it here as quickly as we can, per our Editorial Policy, to help fuel timely, thoughtful, and unvarnished discussion of the diverse and complex issues inherent in small wars.

    The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states ) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States , its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period (the second half of the 20th century ) between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed.

    The Cold War and its events have left a significant legacy. It is often referred to in popular culture , especially in media featuring themes of espionage (e.g. the internationally successful James Bond movie franchise) and the threat of nuclear warfare.

    " My paramount objective in this struggle is to save the union, and it is not either to save or destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that. "

    The Civil War, or the "War between the states," was fought on both moral and economic grounds. It was certain advantages, however, inherent in the North, that inevitably told the tale of victory.

  9. author
    organicbird729 18 Jan 2017 04:14

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

  10. author
    User1487826050 18 Jan 2017 02:49

    Василий Иванович Гнездилов, Генерал-лейтенант, председатель Общ.-Метод. Комиссии РКВВВС, Зам. Председателя Центрального Совета Политической партии Ветеранов России, Руководителем Центрального Аппарата, вручил мне значок партии Ветеранов России и Медаль 70 лет Великой Победы 16 февраля 2015 года. Я особенно горда тем, что это был его собственный значок, так как, на следующий день я вылетала во Франкфурт, и значки в офисе партии кончились.



    ". i rzeczywiście jest tak, jak Pan pisze." :-) :-) :-) Zaczynam Pana szczerze lubić, Panie Easy, serio. Jeszcze tylko parę drobiazgów.

    Exceltional ppost hiwever I was wondering iif you coulpd write a litte more on this subject? I d be very grateful if you cold elaborate a little biit further. Maany thanks!

  11. author
    heavylion770 18 Jan 2017 06:59

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. There will be choice given from a variety of subjects. The candidate is expected to stick to the subject of the essay and arrange their ideas in an orderly way. The writing has to be in concise way with numerous points in support of your essay topic. Those who has presented the essay in an articulate way with effective expression is likely to score high marks.

    This paper plays a crucial role in determining the rank of the student. Most of the top rankers have scored above 55% in this paper. Some candidates have also scored around 60%. Such score can help the students to secure a position in the top ten ranks of the merit list.

    Roy F. Nichols , The Disruption of American Democracy , 1948.
    Kenneth M. Stampp , And War Came , 1950.
    Eric Foner , Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men , 1970.
    William L. Barney , The Road to Secession , 1972.
    Michael F. Holt , The Political Crisis of the 1850s , 1973.
    David M. Potter , The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 , 1976.
    J. Mills Thornton III , Politics and Power in a Slave Society , 1978.
    Daniel W. Crofts , Reluctant Confederates , 1989.
    Bruce Levine , Half Slave and Half Free , 1992.

    Northern leaders, particularly Abraham Lincoln and Seward, were absolutely committed to the preservation of the Union and also understood that the European reaction to the American crisis was critical. Seward, especially, believed that secession lacked majority support in the South and that Southern Unionists would rise and end the secession movement by the spring of 1861. It was essential that the Southern extremists receive no encouragement from abroad, without which expectation, Seward believed, the Confederacy would be short-lived.

    Journal Articles are typically longer works with more more analysis than the news and short commentary in the SWJ Blog. We accept contributed content from serious voices across the small wars community, then publish it here as quickly as we can, per our Editorial Policy, to help fuel timely, thoughtful, and unvarnished discussion of the diverse and complex issues inherent in small wars.

    The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states ) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States , its NATO allies and others). Historians do not fully agree on the dates, but a common timeframe is the period (the second half of the 20th century ) between 1947, the year the Truman Doctrine (a U.S. foreign policy pledging to aid nations threatened by Soviet expansionism) was announced, and 1991, the year the Soviet Union collapsed.

    The Cold War and its events have left a significant legacy. It is often referred to in popular culture , especially in media featuring themes of espionage (e.g. the internationally successful James Bond movie franchise) and the threat of nuclear warfare.

    " My paramount objective in this struggle is to save the union, and it is not either to save or destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that. "

    The Civil War, or the "War between the states," was fought on both moral and economic grounds. It was certain advantages, however, inherent in the North, that inevitably told the tale of victory.

  12. author
    News Daily Україна 18 Jan 2017 03:55

    Василий Иванович Гнездилов, Генерал-лейтенант, председатель Общ.-Метод. Комиссии РКВВВС, Зам. Председателя Центрального Совета Политической партии Ветеранов России, Руководителем Центрального Аппарата, вручил мне значок партии Ветеранов России и Медаль 70 лет Великой Победы 16 февраля 2015 года. Я особенно горда тем, что это был его собственный значок, так как, на следующий день я вылетала во Франкфурт, и значки в офисе партии кончились.



    ". i rzeczywiście jest tak, jak Pan pisze." :-) :-) :-) Zaczynam Pana szczerze lubić, Panie Easy, serio. Jeszcze tylko parę drobiazgów.

  13. author
    whiteladybug146 17 Jan 2017 21:57

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (" Roundheads ") and Royalists (" Cavaliers ") over, principally, the manner of England''''''''s government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament , while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

    The term "English Civil War" appears most often in the singular form, although historians often divide the conflict into two or three separate wars. These wars were not restricted to England as Wales was a part of the Kingdom of England and was affected accordingly, and the conflicts also involved wars with, and civil wars within, both Scotland and Ireland. The war in all these countries are known as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

    In his classic “History of the Peloponnesian War,” Thucydides wrote that the cause of the 20-year conflict between Athens and Sparta was “the growth of Athenian power and the fear this caused in Sparta.”

    In much the same way, it can fairly be said that the cause of the Civil War was the growth of the North’s power both economic and political and the fear this bred in the Southern states. In particular, the Southern states feared that the Northern states would place a limit on the expansion of slavery. Though a number of issues divided North from South in the decades before the war, the issue that proved both paramount and insoluble was slavery in particular, the issue of allowing slavery to expand into territories in the West.