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I need to write an essay on existentialism philosophy, Jean-Paul Sartre vs. Martin Heidegger. Having trouble?

18 Jan 2017 21:24 | Author: №2405 I am わめるん. | Category: Projectcoordinator sample resume

The philosophical career of Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980) focuses, in its first phase, upon the construction of a philosophy of existence known as existentialism. Sartre's early works are characterized by a development of classic phenomenology , but his reflection diverges from Husserl’ s on methodology, the conception of the self, and an interest in ethics. These points of divergence are the cornerstones of Sartre’s existential phenomenology, whose purpose is to understand human existence rather than the world as such. Adopting and adapting the methods of phenomenology, Sartre sets out to develop an ontological account of what it is to be human. The main features of this ontology are the groundlessness and radical freedom which characterize the human condition. These are contrasted with the unproblematic being of the world of things. Sartre’s substantial literary output adds dramatic expression to the always unstable co-existence of facts and freedom in an indifferent world.

Sartre’s ontology is explained in his philosophical masterpiece, Being and Nothingness , where he defines two types of reality which lie beyond our conscious experience: the being of the object of consciousness and that of consciousness itself. The object of consciousness exists as "in-itself," that is, in an independent and non-relational way. However, consciousness is always consciousness “of something,” so it is defined in relation to something else, and it is not possible to grasp it within a conscious experience: it exists as "for-itself." An essential feature of consciousness is its negative power, by which we can experience "nothingness." This power is also at work within the self, where it creates an intrinsic lack of self-identity. So the unity of the self is understood as a task for the for-itself rather than as a given.

Comments
  1. author
    а м и р 18 Jan 2017 07:12

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''s development of Husserl''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

  2. author
    Fluke Don (•͡_ •͡┌П┐ 17 Jan 2017 23:09

    My girlfriend s text messages

  3. author
    Ⓝα©н 17 Jan 2017 23:26

  4. author
    crazyleopard202 18 Jan 2017 04:35

    I don t know why these other two answers are muddying up the waters for you. Sartre was an Existentialist. That means he held that you give your own life meaning. There is no intrinsic, inherent meaning or value to it. Therefore, your existence precedes the essence of life which is determined later by your giving meaning to it by your decisions and such.

  5. author
    orangeelephant756 18 Jan 2017 08:15

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''s development of Husserl''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

  6. author
    beautifulfrog520 18 Jan 2017 00:54

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''existentially''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

    Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre ( / ˈ s ɑːr t r ə / ; [8] French: [saʁtʁ] ; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology , and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.

    His work has also influenced sociology , critical theory , post-colonial theory , and literary studies , and continues to influence these disciplines.

  7. author
    Камалов Аристарх 17 Jan 2017 22:57

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''''''''existentially''''''''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

    Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre ( / ˈ s ɑːr t r ə / ; [8] French: [saʁtʁ] ; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology , and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.

    His work has also influenced sociology , critical theory , post-colonial theory , and literary studies , and continues to influence these disciplines.

  8. author
    ちゃん мíка 18 Jan 2017 03:24

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''existentially''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

  9. author
    smallduck176 18 Jan 2017 05:25

    Feeling Good, by David Burns. It s less philosophy and more self-help, but it s based on solid, empirically proven psychology, and offers a practical path to improving your self-esteem and quality of life.

  10. author
    ticklishpanda213 18 Jan 2017 02:18

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''existentially''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

    Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre ( / ˈ s ɑːr t r ə / ; [8] French: [saʁtʁ] ; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology , and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.

    His work has also influenced sociology , critical theory , post-colonial theory , and literary studies , and continues to influence these disciplines.

  11. author
    organicduck199 18 Jan 2017 06:00

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''''''''''''''''existentially''''''''''''''''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

    Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre ( / ˈ s ɑːr t r ə / ; [8] French: [saʁtʁ] ; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology , and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.

    His work has also influenced sociology , critical theory , post-colonial theory , and literary studies , and continues to influence these disciplines.

  12. author
    lazymouse179 18 Jan 2017 09:04

    Sartre claimed that a central proposition of Existentialism is that existence precedes essence, which means that the most important consideration for individuals is.

  13. author
    crazygorilla701 17 Jan 2017 22:33

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy 'existentially'; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]

  14. author
    Ирина 18 Jan 2017 04:31

    After a brief summary of Sartre’s life, this article looks at the main themes characterizing Sartre’s early philosophical works. The ontology developed in Sartre’s main existential work, Being and Nothingness , will then be analysed. Finally, an overview is provided of the further development of existentialist themes in his later works.

    The distinctiveness of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s development of Husserl''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s phenomenology can be characterised in terms of Sartre''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s methodology, of his view of the self and of his ultimate ethical interests.

    Existentialism liberates us from the customs of the past founded on myth. The quote from Jean Paul Sartre, Existence precedes and commands Essence , can be seen as the foundation for existentialism. I exist as a human. In my existence, I define myself and the world around me. The ongoing popularity of existentialism philosophy (particularly amongst young people) can be understood by its freedom of personal choice and individualism within a post modern context of no absolute truth.

    The purpose of this website is to explain the metaphysical foundations of existence / existentialism which requires understanding how humans exist as matter in space. i.e. True Knowledge of Physical Reality (see links on the side of the page)

    The concept of alienation also plays an important role in Sartre’s thinking. In Notebooks he defines alienation as being an “other” to oneself (p. 382). In Critique he uses the terms “serialized” and “atomized” to describe persons who are alienated from one another. Unlike Being and Nothingness , where alienation is depicted as an unavoidable ontological condition, in the later political works alienation is rooted in material scarcity. If material scarcity can be eliminated, then we might enjoy “a margin of real freedom, beyond the production of life” ( Search for a Method, p. 34).

    On the whole, Sartre’s contributions to Hegelian-Marxism are substantial. He forcefully argued against deterministic, structuralist versions of Marxism, inserting human subjectivity back into the equation. With a keen eye towards interpersonal relations, he showed that social struggle, whether among classes, races or interest groups, must be understood simultaneously at the psychological and the systemic level. Sartre, more than any Marxist of his generation, exposed the limits of classical Marxism and paved the way for a general critical theory of society.

    Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [2] [10] [11] though he did not use the term existentialism. [12] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or "authentically". [13] [14] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II , and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy , including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [15]

    The second claim comes from the Norwegian historian Rune Slagstad , who claims to prove that Kierkegaard himself said the term "existential" was borrowed from the poet. He strongly believes that it was Kierkegaard himself who said that " Hegelians do not study philosophy ''''existentially''''; to use a phrase by Welhaven from one time when I spoke with him about philosophy". [20] On the other hand, the Norwegian historian Anne-Lise Seip is critical of Slagstad, and believes the statement in fact stems from the Norwegian literary historian Cathrinus Bang. [21]