Readers will come away from Lord of the Flies with a grasp of the book’s basic premise: that some individuals, deprived of the rules and restrictions of society, will revert to primitive savagery. This central thesis of learned and imposed morality vs. natural brutality is found on every page. They will also learn something about survival on an unpopulated island.
The positive message is simple but clear: An individual’s personal choice ultimately dictates behavior in any given situation. Like Elie Wiesel’s Night and The Diary of Anne Frank , The Lord of the Flies demonstrates that it is possible to retain individual humanity in appalling situations, and that people are capable of selflessness, even when their own lives are at stake. When awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, Golding was lauded for his deep concern for humanity.