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Famous Psychologists - Sigmund Freud

18 Jan 2017 21:24 | Author: User1489874617 | Category: Best technical resume template

Sigmund Freud ( / ˈ f r ɔɪ d / FROYD ; [2] German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt] ; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud ; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis , a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. [3] Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg , in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. [4] [5] Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. [6] Freud lived and worked in Vienna , having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939.

In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference , establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. [7] His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the underlying mechanisms of repression. On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, ego and super-ego. [8] Freud postulated the existence of libido , an energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive , the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. [9] In his later work Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.

Comments
  1. author
    User1488449985 18 Jan 2017 06:14

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

    Like Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud did not base psychoanalysis, which he championed to the entire Western world, on scientific premises.

    When psychoanalysis came to America, it was largely viewed as an unproven system of thought. Though no evidence was available, psychoanalysis began to dominate American culture for more than fifty years.

    The psychological concept of the uncanny as something that is strangely familiar, rather than just mysterious, [1] was perhaps first fixed by Sigmund Freud in his essay Das Unheimliche. [2] [3]

    Because the uncanny is familiar, yet incongruous, it has been seen as creating cognitive dissonance within the experiencing subject, due to the paradoxical nature of being simultaneously attracted to yet repulsed by an object. This cognitive dissonance often leads to an outright rejection of the object, as one would rather reject than rationalize, as in the uncanny valley effect.

    Let us free associate for a second…. What comes to mind when you think of counselling or psychology or even psychiatry? For many of us these words are often centred upon the ideas and work of one man… Sigmund Freud. Images of patterned sofas, Cuban cigars, ambiguous ink blots, Freudian slips and a penchant for all things sexual flood our minds at the very mention of this infamous characters name.

    But if we look beyond the brushstrokes of popular culture, what do we actually know about Sigmund Freud’s main theories, and how do these theories relate, if at all, to modern day psychoanalysis? This article hopes to explore in a little more detail some of the main ideas and works of the great man himself, and highlight just how far psychotherapy has come since Freud set out his ideas in the early 1900’s.

    Finally, Lacan's utilization of the idea of the mirror is not exclusively literal. Although he often talks of mirrors as shiny reflective surfaces, he does not limit mirroring to being a visible physical phenomenon alone. Most importantly, other persons' speech, gestures, postures, moods, facial expressions, and so on frequently can be said to “mirror” back to one an “image” of oneself, namely, a conveyed sense of how one “appears” from other perspectives.

    Freud's metapsychology of the libidinal economy, of the underlying motivational mechanisms of psychical life, is grounded on his theory of drive ( Trieb , and not Instinkt , despite many English mistranslations of Trieb as “instinct”). Lacan elaborates upon and extends this Freudian theoretical framework. In the process, he reworks some of Freud's concepts and adds other concepts of his own.

  2. author
    orangecat634 18 Jan 2017 05:16

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

  3. author
    User1488689025 18 Jan 2017 09:05

    Maybe you should ve done your research in the first place! haha jk.i shouldnt be talking lol.

  4. author
    blackfrog395 18 Jan 2017 21:23

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

    Like Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud did not base psychoanalysis, which he championed to the entire Western world, on scientific premises.

    When psychoanalysis came to America, it was largely viewed as an unproven system of thought. Though no evidence was available, psychoanalysis began to dominate American culture for more than fifty years.

    The psychological concept of the uncanny as something that is strangely familiar, rather than just mysterious, [1] was perhaps first fixed by Sigmund Freud in his essay Das Unheimliche. [2] [3]

    Because the uncanny is familiar, yet incongruous, it has been seen as creating cognitive dissonance within the experiencing subject, due to the paradoxical nature of being simultaneously attracted to yet repulsed by an object. This cognitive dissonance often leads to an outright rejection of the object, as one would rather reject than rationalize, as in the uncanny valley effect.

    Let us free associate for a second…. What comes to mind when you think of counselling or psychology or even psychiatry? For many of us these words are often centred upon the ideas and work of one man… Sigmund Freud. Images of patterned sofas, Cuban cigars, ambiguous ink blots, Freudian slips and a penchant for all things sexual flood our minds at the very mention of this infamous characters name.

    But if we look beyond the brushstrokes of popular culture, what do we actually know about Sigmund Freud’s main theories, and how do these theories relate, if at all, to modern day psychoanalysis? This article hopes to explore in a little more detail some of the main ideas and works of the great man himself, and highlight just how far psychotherapy has come since Freud set out his ideas in the early 1900’s.

  5. author
    whitelion552 18 Jan 2017 03:24

    Although it is true that Freud would have largely concentrated on adult patients - he was especailly interested in pshcizophrenia (its causes and treatment), there is no doubt that Freud would have come in to contact with children (some of whom I am sure were unwell). But Freud s theories are extremely complicated and not easy to understand - even by those who study psycohology. In fact many who do study psychology do not take the time to actually read Freud s own work - but instead rely on the interpretation and conclusions of others. Another difficulty is that Freud was Austrian and wrote in Aus-deutsch. So translations of his work can also be open to misinterpretation. But his commentary that childhood experiences affect adult psychology is groundbreaking in itself!! He literally flipped the knowledge at the time and of course it is really his theories on the Conscious, the unconscious, the ID and the Super-ego (all groundbreaking and original) that he MUST be recognized for. He didn t have all the answers (no-one does) but without his work - no-one in contemproary psychology would be where they are now.

  6. author
    smallbutterfly475 17 Jan 2017 23:19

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

    Like Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud did not base psychoanalysis, which he championed to the entire Western world, on scientific premises.

    When psychoanalysis came to America, it was largely viewed as an unproven system of thought. Though no evidence was available, psychoanalysis began to dominate American culture for more than fifty years.

    The psychological concept of the uncanny as something that is strangely familiar, rather than just mysterious, [1] was perhaps first fixed by Sigmund Freud in his essay Das Unheimliche. [2] [3]

    Because the uncanny is familiar, yet incongruous, it has been seen as creating cognitive dissonance within the experiencing subject, due to the paradoxical nature of being simultaneously attracted to yet repulsed by an object. This cognitive dissonance often leads to an outright rejection of the object, as one would rather reject than rationalize, as in the uncanny valley effect.

  7. author
    User1488870971 18 Jan 2017 00:28

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

    Like Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud did not base psychoanalysis, which he championed to the entire Western world, on scientific premises.

    When psychoanalysis came to America, it was largely viewed as an unproven system of thought. Though no evidence was available, psychoanalysis began to dominate American culture for more than fifty years.

  8. author
    User1489425266 18 Jan 2017 09:21

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

  9. author
    User1488966085 17 Jan 2017 22:20

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

  10. author
    whitefrog519 18 Jan 2017 02:42

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

    Sigmund Freud ([ˈziːgmʊnt ˈfrɔʏ̯t]; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939 ) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. He was the father of Anna Freud and the grandfather of Sir Clement Freud and Lucian Freud.

    Like Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud did not base psychoanalysis, which he championed to the entire Western world, on scientific premises.

    When psychoanalysis came to America, it was largely viewed as an unproven system of thought. Though no evidence was available, psychoanalysis began to dominate American culture for more than fifty years.

    The psychological concept of the uncanny as something that is strangely familiar, rather than just mysterious, [1] was perhaps first fixed by Sigmund Freud in his essay Das Unheimliche. [2] [3]

    Because the uncanny is familiar, yet incongruous, it has been seen as creating cognitive dissonance within the experiencing subject, due to the paradoxical nature of being simultaneously attracted to yet repulsed by an object. This cognitive dissonance often leads to an outright rejection of the object, as one would rather reject than rationalize, as in the uncanny valley effect.

    Let us free associate for a second…. What comes to mind when you think of counselling or psychology or even psychiatry? For many of us these words are often centred upon the ideas and work of one man… Sigmund Freud. Images of patterned sofas, Cuban cigars, ambiguous ink blots, Freudian slips and a penchant for all things sexual flood our minds at the very mention of this infamous characters name.

    But if we look beyond the brushstrokes of popular culture, what do we actually know about Sigmund Freud’s main theories, and how do these theories relate, if at all, to modern day psychoanalysis? This article hopes to explore in a little more detail some of the main ideas and works of the great man himself, and highlight just how far psychotherapy has come since Freud set out his ideas in the early 1900’s.

  11. author
    User1488331104 18 Jan 2017 00:53

    Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano , physiology under Ernst Brücke , and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. [19] In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus''s zoological research station in Trieste , dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. [20] He graduated with an MD in 1881.

    In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children: Mathilde (b. 1887), Jean-Martin (b. 1889), Oliver (b. 1891), Ernst (b. 1892), Sophie (b. 1893), and Anna (b. 1895). From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19 , near Innere Stadt , a historical district of Vienna.

    Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.

    Here we will confine ourselves to: (a) the evaluation of Freud’s claim that his theory is a scientific one, (b) the question of the theory’s coherence, (c) the dispute concerning what, if anything, Freud really discovered, and (d) the question of the efficacy of psychoanalysis as a treatment for neurotic illnesses.

  12. author
    pains of hell 17 Jan 2017 22:36

    freud believed tht experiences in childhood(specially unpleasant ones) leave a lasting mark on personality and can even show themselves at a much later stage and in different forms, such as psychosomatic illnesses, hysteria, compulsive behaviours and certain behavioral characteristics. he discussed his theories in great detail and some concepts relating to his work are free association, oedipus complex, electra complex( propounded later by one of his followers). he also wrote many books. his method is called psychoanalysis. he used hypnosis. in his book "interpretation of dreams" he talks abt dream analysis, calling dreams "the royal road to the unconscious" u shud b able to find lots pf info abt him on wikipedia, wikibooks etc. and abt the school of Freudian psychology. hope thiis helped. all t best :)