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Gettysburg address essay - pemf120.com

18 Jan 2017 21:24 | Author: yasuga | Category: Definition essay on marriage

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, was one of the greatest and most influential statements of national purpose. In just over two minutes, Lincoln reiterated the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence [6] and proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the preservation of the Union sundered by the secession crisis , [7] with "a new birth of freedom " [8] that would bring true equality to all of its citizens. [9] Lincoln also redefined the Civil War as a struggle not just for the Union , but also for the principle of human equality. [6]

Comments
  1. author
    Anchoss 18 Jan 2017 04:35

    An original animated video of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.Read more about Abraham Lincoln.

  2. author
    greendog395 18 Jan 2017 08:15

    You seem to have a presupposition that there was change. Truthfully the north was industrialized. The South was in line with Lee. Lee was not "out of touch" or a dying breed. He was a Southerner. Thousands of the same men fought alongside him.

  3. author
    blackrabbit355 18 Jan 2017 09:32

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

  4. author
    beautifulgorilla197 18 Jan 2017 00:04

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

  5. author
    потерял контроль. 18 Jan 2017 05:52

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

  6. author
    brownbird331 18 Jan 2017 02:43

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

  7. author
    Julz 18 Jan 2017 08:45

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

    This is the first of its kind on the web. Search for images and information on any monument or marker on the Gettysburg battlefield. You can search by monument type, regiment, state, unit type, army, corps, division, brigade, or commander.

    Download a free PDF file of your favorite Virtual Gettysburg Poster. The first 11x17 poster displays panoramas from the 21 battlefield tours, and the second displays the Gettysburg Address and a large panorama of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg.

    Poetry
    The editors of the Gettysburg Review are interested in both short and long poems of nearly any length or aesthetic bent. Poetry submissions should consist of one to five poems, depending on length, formatted either single- or double-spaced, and if printed, on one side of the page only please. As for how many poems to send, use you best judgment, but here are some suggestions: send no more than five short poems, two longer ones, or one really long one in any one submission. If your poem is a book-length epic, then you should think about excerpting.

    Fiction
    Fiction is generally in the form of short stories, although we often accept short-shorts, as well as lengthier pieces, which we have serialized on a couple of occasions. We also publish novel excerpts. Manuscripts should be double-spaced, and if printed, on one side of the page only please. Novel excerpts should be complete and self-contained; they should not require any written contextualization. Do not send us your novel and ask that we select an excerpt that suits our tastes.

  8. author
    greensnake516 18 Jan 2017 07:32

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

    This is the first of its kind on the web. Search for images and information on any monument or marker on the Gettysburg battlefield. You can search by monument type, regiment, state, unit type, army, corps, division, brigade, or commander.

    Download a free PDF file of your favorite Virtual Gettysburg Poster. The first 11x17 poster displays panoramas from the 21 battlefield tours, and the second displays the Gettysburg Address and a large panorama of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg.

    Poetry
    The editors of the Gettysburg Review are interested in both short and long poems of nearly any length or aesthetic bent. Poetry submissions should consist of one to five poems, depending on length, formatted either single- or double-spaced, and if printed, on one side of the page only please. As for how many poems to send, use you best judgment, but here are some suggestions: send no more than five short poems, two longer ones, or one really long one in any one submission. If your poem is a book-length epic, then you should think about excerpting.

    Fiction
    Fiction is generally in the form of short stories, although we often accept short-shorts, as well as lengthier pieces, which we have serialized on a couple of occasions. We also publish novel excerpts. Manuscripts should be double-spaced, and if printed, on one side of the page only please. Novel excerpts should be complete and self-contained; they should not require any written contextualization. Do not send us your novel and ask that we select an excerpt that suits our tastes.

  9. author
    ticklishfrog605 18 Jan 2017 00:37

    LOOK IT UP U SICK COW YOU!!!!

  10. author
    雨宮のん(JOY血濡れ熊) 18 Jan 2017 00:34

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil's Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

  11. author
    м i Z a k i ツ 18 Jan 2017 02:01

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''''''''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''''''''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

  12. author
    crazygorilla443 18 Jan 2017 04:35

    It might be interesting to look at Lee's family's attitude toward slavery, and how it might have influenced him. Despite being a Confederate general, Lee was genuinely conflicted about slavery. Several times throughout his life he mentioned the possibility of freeing his slaves, though he failed to do so before the war began. Lee was the son of "Light Horse" Harry Lee, a Virginia politician who supported the adoption of the Constitution although he believed that it should have a clause that would eventually end slavery. Like his son, Harry Lee did nothing to free his own slaves, in part because he feared a slave insurrection. Lee was also a contemporary and fellow general during the Revolution with George Washington. Robert Lee's wife, Mary Custis, was a descendant of Martha Washington and a step-great-granddaughter of George Washington. Washington was also conflicted about slavery, and did attempt to free his slaves in his will.

  13. author
    с э л и н д ж е р 18 Jan 2017 01:35

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

    Download presentation: Gettysburg.ppt

    This presentation prepared with the help of Microsoft Powerpoint Autocontent Wizard. Where could we go without it?

    Peter Norvig -- See the making of the presentation and a related essay and a video interview. -- Permission is granted to use this presentation in any course or educational presentation.

    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended initially by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford , and soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south.

    On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled. The Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, and fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top , the Wheatfield , Devil''''''''''''''''s Den , and the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp''''''''''''''''s Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.

    This is the first of its kind on the web. Search for images and information on any monument or marker on the Gettysburg battlefield. You can search by monument type, regiment, state, unit type, army, corps, division, brigade, or commander.

    Download a free PDF file of your favorite Virtual Gettysburg Poster. The first 11x17 poster displays panoramas from the 21 battlefield tours, and the second displays the Gettysburg Address and a large panorama of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg.

  14. author
    Мэнгэт 17 Jan 2017 22:35

    The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln , one of the best-known in American history. [4] [5] It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War , on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.

    Beginning with the now-iconic phrase "Four score and seven years ago"—referring to the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776—Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States as stated in the Declaration of Independence. In the context of the Civil War , Lincoln also memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival of America's representative democracy: that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."